Bedrooms design and planning

Bedrooms can be a place to escape from the world and enjoy some privacy or they might be used only for the sole purpose of recharging your batteries with needed rest. How you and your family members make use of your bedrooms needs to be taken into consideration as you layout the design of your new home. Here are several tips to help you plan your bedrooms.

Furniture Dimensions and Arrangement

One of the unique parts about bedrooms is that they are typically used for a number of purposes, but those purposes can be extremely varied depending upon each individual and also upon the furnishings that are placed inside the room. Besides having a bed, a dresser and a nightstand or two, bedrooms might also contain various other furnishings, such as:

  • A sitting area in a master bedroom could have a couple of chairs, a love seat and/or a coffee or end table.
  • A study area for students or for adults might include a desk and bookshelves.
  • A child’s room might have a child’s bed and a toy chest.
  • A baby’s room might include a diaper changing table.

In many of these situations, the space required and the furnishings that are in it can change as children grow older. Plan to provide space for the items that will be there and the space that will be needed when the room is at its fullest rather than at a minimum.

Open Floor Area

Open floor area is also dependent upon how the room is used, but there are also some standard dimensions that are necessary to move around in a bedroom and function properly. Here are some dimensions to consider:

  • Provide a minimum of two and a half to three feet (depending upon the size of the door) in front of a closet so that the door can open without hitting another piece of furniture.
  • Provide a minimum of two and a half feet in front of a dresser so that the drawers will open easily.
  • Provide a minimum of two feet on either side of a bed that sleep two persons and on one side of a bed that sleeps one.
  • Provide plenty of space to open the door to the room fully without striking another piece of furniture.
  • Children tend to play or entertain in their rooms, take those activities into consideration as you consider open floor area as well.


The best advice that you can take is not to skimp on closets. In fact, whatever space you think you need for a closet, consider doubling it. There is really no point in building an entire house and not providing enough space for your family to hang up their clothes or store their personal items.

Make those closets spacious with plenty of shelving and double up the hanging rods by placing a higher and lower rod in every closet. Make master bedroom closets big enough to walk into and store years’ worth of clothing that you might never wear, shoe boxes full of memorabilia that you just can’t get rid of and plenty of shoes. You’re going to be glad that you did.


Bathrooms are discussed in another post, but they ought to be considered along with bedrooms in your design phase. In master bedrooms, the bathroom is typically a feature in an overall, bedroom, closet, bathroom suite and making them easily accessible makes things a lot more comfortable. In cases where a bathroom is being shared between two bedrooms, make it easy to get in and out of on both sides, leaving plenty of open floor space for the door to swing fully open without striking a piece of furniture.


Not only is natural light necessary to make a bedroom more cheerful, especially in the morning, but windows in bedrooms are very often a part of the local fire safety code. Operable windows with minimum size requirements for egress are one of the requirements of the Uniform Building Code. The dimension requirements of windows are typically 10% of the total area of the room and must be within a certain dimension of the floor for ease of access. A professional designer can assist you in making certain that your bedrooms meet these minimum egress standards and advice you on to make them work in your design.


Bedrooms serve a variety of functions. They can be an escape, a place to play, study, or they might just be a place to rest. How your bedrooms are used in your home can determine the space necessary in your home design. Even as you design that space, don’t forget that they are also play a role in family safety as well.

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Bathroom design and planning

Bathrooms are an area of your home where a great deal of time is spent. Bathrooms, like kitchens, perform a specific function for helping to maintain your family’s health. The space required for them and where bathrooms are placed, should never be an afterthought. Here are five questions to ask yourself as you begin the design process.

1. How many people will be using your bathrooms?

If you’ve ever lived in a home where there is always a line for the bathroom, then it won’t take much of an argument to convince you that you need more bathrooms in your new home. An isolated, master bath ought to be your first priority. It makes sense to allow for the utmost privacy for the two main adults of the house, especially since they will still be living in the house when everyone else is gone.

After the master bath, consider a bathroom ratio of 2:1 or 3:1 for the remaining members of your household. If you have a large family made up of mixed genders, it is best for two to three boys or two to three girls to be paired in a bathroom as boys and girls tend to use bathrooms differently. Ideally, you can place a bathroom between each pair of bedrooms.

2. Should you provide a bathroom for visitors or a utility bathroom?

A guest bathroom or utility bathroom may or may not be necessary in your new home depending upon several different considerations. Here are some instances where an extra bathroom might be necessary:

  • You have regular, overnight visitors. Provide a bath and shower near the guest bedroom to give them a little more privacy and not make them feel like they’re imposing.
  • One of your family member’s works in conditions where they are greasy, muddy or dirty when they come into the house. In those cases provide a utility bathroom with a shower near the back door or garage so that grime isn’t spread into the rest of the house.
  • If you entertain a lot and want to provide a separate bathroom for your guests, consider putting in a half bath that is easily accessible to areas where you regularly entertain.

3. Do you have special fixtures in mind?

When you are planning bathroom space, keep in mind that corner tubs, whirlpool tubs and specially designed showers require a great deal of space, not only for plumbing and equipment, but clearance in front of them as well. For your master bath, you might consider a few other options as well:

  • Separate tub and shower.
  • Separate wash basins.
  • A makeup station.

4. Should you install tubs or showers?

As suggested, it is nice to have both a tub and a shower in the master bath, but choosing whether to install tubs, showers or the combination really depends upon preferences, space and the age of your children. Generally speaking, young children and girls tend to prefer bathing in a tub. It makes sense to provide both in those situations because their needs change from time to time. Older boys are usually interested in getting a quick shower and getting out. For them, a shower will work fine. Guests don’t tend to use tubs for bathing either, so if you’re providing a guest bathroom, just put in a shower. Space can also be a factor when it comes to choosing to install a tub or shower. If your bathroom space is limited, you will probably have to go with a shower.

5. Where are the other fixtures that require plumbing?

Another consideration for designing your bathroom is trying to group them near other areas that require plumbing. By grouping bathrooms together, bathrooms with kitchens or bathrooms with utility rooms, you can create a common plumbing chase between the two areas and minimize the distance that water and sewer lines have to travel. Especially in the case of copper pipe, long distances can become expensive.

Professional Advice

There are a couple of instances in bathroom designs where you ought to seek professional advice. The first instance is to make certain that building codes are met as related to plumbing. The second instance is for obtaining advice on the capacity of water heater you will need to make certain that you don’t run out of hot water.


When considering your home design, bathrooms can make an enormous difference in the comfort of your home. Since bathrooms are essential elements in the overall health of your family, consider them carefully and make sure that everyone in your home has a certain amount of privacy and comfort when using a bathroom.

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